Mr. Edward Snowden, who leaked secret acts of the National Security Agency (NAS) in the USA, was accused of espionage.
Tech Crunch: Edward Snowden Charged With Espionage
Mr. Snowden was an officer of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the past. He revealed that the NSA had been collecting personal information for a long time. According to him, world famous companies such as Google, Microsoft and Apple had also obeyed to the demand for cooperation to NSA. He claimed he did not describe any information which should not be clarified.
Tech Crunch: "Truth Is Coming, And It Cannot Be Stopped": The Best Of Edward Snowden's Q&A
Now he seems to visit Moscow, to defect to Ecuador. Wikileaks aided his search for an asylum.
The Guardian: Edward Snowden: diplomatic storm swirls as whistleblower seeks asylum in Ecuador
The Guardian: WikiLeaks forced to defend Ecuador as Edward Snowden seeks asylum
Whether or not his behavior corresponds to a spying, the USA government would not allow Mr. Snowden. However, deeming him as a political offender makes it difficult to fetch him to the USA. Mr. Julian Assange, the founder of Wikileaks, was arrested with sex crimes, not treason. Perhaps his defection will be successful.
Nonetheless, Mr. Snowden will hardly gain the peace of mind. To be against a nation is so dangerous.
A nation is sometimes violent. The Justice is altered due to the trend. A man who is against an absolute power is brave, but rarely awarded.
There is legislation about treason also in Japan. Article 77 of the Penal Code regulates that the core traitor would be put to death. However, there has been no judicial precedent of applying article 77 yet.